What is TMJ?
TMJ is otherwise known as Temporomandibular Joint. The TMJ is located on either side of the jaw at the point of connection between the skull and the jaw bone. There are situations when patients may encounter pain while chewing, yawning or even talking. This is the result of acute inflammation or irritation of the TMJ. Such irritation can lead to other conditions such as headaches and prolonged chronic stress and pain at the joint.
A wide range of complexities can result due to the inflammation and irritation of these joints and they are termed as Temporomandibular joint Disorder (TMD).
What are the symptoms of TMD?
The immediate sign and symptoms of TMD are when there is difficulty in performing the normal functions of the jaw bone such as yawning, chewing, or even speaking. It occurs when the surrounding muscles of the face aren’t functioning properly.
There are several other symptoms of TMD. Here are a few:
- Severe headaches.
- Intense pain in the area of the jaw radiating towards the neck.
- Noticeable difference in distance between the jaws while chewing.
- Pop sounds while chewing or yawning.
- Swelling below the ear.
- Ringing sound in the ears.
The symptoms of TMD can vary from person to person. Some patients may suffer acute symptoms of just a few among the above.
What are the causes of TMD?
TMD is a joint disorder when the patient suffers difficulty in performing the normal functions of the jaw. The causes of TMD are many and if left untreated, the severity of the condition can lead to other jaw discrepancies in the future.
Here are some the major causes of TMD:
- Stress and anxiety.
- Disc issues with the ball and socket region of the joint.
- A blow on the face or injury.
- Grinding and clenching of the teeth.
- Arthritic condition around the joint.
How can we cure TMD?
TMD can be controlled by avoiding situations that lead to its cause. The factors that often lead to TMD are stress and tension around the muscles of the face. We can reduce this by decreasing the reasons for stress. We would suggest a healthy lifestyle.
TMD can lead to severe headaches and migraines. In order to control the pain caused by the condition, we provide our patients with TMJ Blocks. They are medicines that are injected in order to reduce the pain in the joints that are caused due to inflammation. The injections can be administered periodically in order to reduce the pain.
What is the procedure for TMJ Blocks?
A TMJ injection is provided to the patient by first numbing the point where the injection will be administered. The area is then cleaned and the medicine is then injected into both the joints. Patients will be requested to sit in an upright position to ensure that the medicine takes full effect.